Mus musculus Gene: Ifnb1
InnateDB Gene IDBG-65728.1
Last Modified 2018-06-05 [Report errors or provide feedback]
Gene Symbol Ifnb1
Gene Name interferon beta 1, fibroblast
Synonyms Ifb; IFN-beta; IFNB;
Species Mus musculus
Ensembl Gene ENSMUSG00000048806
Encoded Proteins
interferon beta 1, fibroblast
Protein Structure
Useful resources Stemformatics EHFPI ImmGen
InnateDB Annotation
Ifnb1 deficiency results in a partial suppression of the sterol pathway in macrophages during viral infections, thereby linking the regulation of lipid metabolism pathway with interferon anti-viral defence responses.
Ifnb1 secretion is greater upon viable E. coli infection in comparison to heat killed E. coli vaccine or LPS. The induction of Ifnb1 is dependent on Ticam1-Irf3 signalling.
Ifnb1 expression pattern during viral infection is a highly stochastic process influenced by cell-to-cell variability in viral induction processes.
Ifnb1 production is fundamental to the efficient control of Listeria monocytogenes during the early innate phase of infection. NK cells treated with Ifnb1 during early infection were able to reduce bacterial titer in the spleen and significantly improve survival of infected mice.
The noncanonical NFκB pathway regulates histone modifications at the Ifnb1 promoter resulting in attenuated recruitment of Rela and histone demethylase, Kdm4a, to the Ifnb1 promoter. This provides a mechanism for regulating the induction of type I interferons .
The innate immune system plays a role in immunogenic tumour recognition. Tumor-cell-derived DNA triggers Ifnb1 production and dendritic cell activation via Tmem173 and Irf3 cytosolic DNA sensing pathways.
Ifnb1 selectively restricts the transcriptional responses mediated by both the TLRs and the NOD-like receptors in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium infection in macrophages.
Atf3 plays an important role in modulating IFN responses in macrophages by controlling basal and inducible levels of Ifnb1, as well as the expression of genes downstream of IFN signalling.
Entrez Gene
Summary Currently no Entrez Summary Available. You might want to check the Summary Sections of the Orthologs.
Gene Information
Type Protein coding
Genomic Location Chromosome 4:88522025-88522774
Strand Reverse strand
Band C4
ENSMUST00000055671 ENSMUSP00000056720
Number of Interactions This gene and/or its encoded proteins are associated with 29 experimentally validated interaction(s) in this database.
They are also associated with 40 interaction(s) predicted by orthology.
Experimentally validated
Total 29 [view]
Protein-Protein 0
Protein-DNA 28 [view]
Protein-RNA 1 [view]
Predicted by orthology
Total 40 [view]
Gene Ontology

Molecular Function
Accession GO Term
GO:0005125 cytokine activity
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding
GO:0005132 type I interferon receptor binding
GO:0008811 chloramphenicol O-acetyltransferase activity
Biological Process
GO:0002250 adaptive immune response
GO:0002286 T cell activation involved in immune response
GO:0002312 B cell activation involved in immune response
GO:0002323 natural killer cell activation involved in immune response
GO:0006952 defense response
GO:0006959 humoral immune response
GO:0010469 regulation of receptor activity
GO:0019221 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway
GO:0030183 B cell differentiation
GO:0033141 positive regulation of peptidyl-serine phosphorylation of STAT protein
GO:0035458 cellular response to interferon-beta
GO:0042100 B cell proliferation
GO:0042742 defense response to bacterium
GO:0043330 response to exogenous dsRNA
GO:0045071 negative regulation of viral genome replication
GO:0045087 innate immune response (InnateDB)
GO:0045581 negative regulation of T cell differentiation
GO:0045944 positive regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter
GO:0051607 defense response to virus
GO:0060337 type I interferon signaling pathway
GO:0071359 cellular response to dsRNA
GO:0071549 cellular response to dexamethasone stimulus
GO:0098586 cellular response to virus
GO:2000552 negative regulation of T-helper 2 cell cytokine production
GO:2001235 positive regulation of apoptotic signaling pathway
Cellular Component
GO:0005576 extracellular region
GO:0005615 extracellular space
No orthologs found for this gene
Interferon alpha/beta signaling pathway
Cytokine Signaling in Immune system pathway
Interferon Signaling pathway
Regulation of IFNA signaling pathway
Immune System pathway
Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction pathway
PI3K-Akt signaling pathway pathway
Necroptosis pathway
Osteoclast differentiation pathway
Toll-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
NOD-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
RIG-I-like receptor signaling pathway pathway
Cytosolic DNA-sensing pathway pathway
Jak-STAT signaling pathway pathway
Natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity pathway
Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) pathway
Tuberculosis pathway
Hepatitis C pathway
Hepatitis B pathway
Measles pathway
Influenza A pathway
Human papillomavirus infection pathway
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection pathway
Herpes simplex infection pathway
GPCR signaling-cholera toxin-.owl pathway
GPCR signaling-G alpha s Epac and ERK-.owl pathway
GPCR signaling-pertussis toxin-.owl pathway
GPCR signaling-G alpha q-.owl pathway
GPCR signaling-G alpha i-.owl pathway
GPCR signaling-G alpha s PKA and ERK-.owl pathway
SwissProt P01575
UniProt Splice Variant
Entrez Gene 15977
RefSeq NM_010510
MGI ID MGI:107657
MGI Symbol Ifnb1
EMBL BC119395 BC119397 CH466527 K00020 X14029 X14455
GenPept AAA37891 AAI19396 AAI19398 CAA32190 CAA32625 EDL30977
RNA Seq Atlas 15977